RESEARCH ARTICLE


Internal Structure of the Brazilian Online Version of the Childbirth Fear Prior to Pregnancy Scale



Vanessa Natsumi Mizobata1, Andrezza Belluomini Castro1, Cristina Maria Garcia de Lima Parada1, Marla Andréia Garcia de Avila1, Bruna Nayara Gibim1, Milena Temer Jamas1, *
1 Department of Nursing, São Paulo State University (Unesp), Medical School, Av. Prof. Mário Rubens Guimarães Montenegro, 18618687, Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil


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Creative Commons License
© 2024 The Author(s). Published by Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Nursing, São Paulo State University (Unesp), Botucatu Medical School, Av. Prof. Mário Rubens Guimarães Montenegro, S/N, 18618687, Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil;
Tel: +55 14 38801700; Fax: +55 14 38801328, E-mail: milena.temer@unesp.br


Abstract

Background

Approximately 80% of pregnant women have some degree of childbirth fear, which can have short- and long-term negative effects when not correctly identified and managed. Therefore, it is essential to assess childbirth fear to measure and identify factors related to this fear. Furthermore, it is crucial to develop appropriate and early interventions to improve the childbirth experience for women and their families, including the obstetric care provided.

Objective

This study aimed to assess the validity of the internal structure of the Brazilian online version of the Childbirth Fear Prior to Pregnancy (CFPP) scale.

Methods

This methodological study was conducted to assess the validity of the internal structure of the Brazilian online version of the CFPP scale. A total of 553 men and women aged 18 or older participated in the study. The participants were not pregnant at the time of data collection but intended to have children in the future. A combination of Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analyses were used for statistical analysis. Reliability was assessed using Cronbach’s Alpha and McDonald’s Omega indicators. The Research Ethics Committee approved the study (protocol no: 4.961.821.)

Results

The psychometric parameters indicated a unidimensional model with adequate factor loadings (0.47–0.73) and reliability (0.86). Goodness of fit was achieved (χ2/df = 1.5, NNFI = 0.97, CFI = 0.98, GFI = 0.98, and SRMR = 0.06).

Conclusion

The Brazilian online version of the CFPP scale showed evidence of internal structural validity and reliability for measuring the construct in the population of this country.

Keywords: Psychometrics, Validation study, Childbirth, Fear, Online social networks, Surveys and questionnaires.