RESEARCH ARTICLE


Effect of Urogenital Infection Educational Program on Women Knowledge and Practices



Mervat A. Sayed1, Amal L. Fouad1, Safia Belal2, *, Benjamin Joel L. Breboneria2, Randa M. Abobaker3
1 Department of Community Nursing, Nursing College, Fayoum University, Egypt
2 Department of Nursing, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Faisal University, Al Hofuf, Saudi Arabia
3 Departement of Nursing, Rayan Medical College, Madinah Munawara, Saudi Arabia


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Creative Commons License
© 2022 Sayed et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Nursing, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Faisal University, Al Hofuf, Saudi Arabia; Tel: +966551096554; E-mail: salsoudany@kfu.edu.sa


Abstract

Background:

Urogenital infection is generally regarded as a silent epidemic. It is one of the major public health problems among women that causes a considerable proportion of gynecological morbidity and maternal mortality in developing countries.

Aim:

The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of an educational program on women’s knowledge and practices about urogenital infection.

Methods:

A quasi-experimental research design was utilized in this study and was implemented at El Hadaka Maternity and Children’s Hospital (MCH) in Fayoum, Egypt. A purposive sample consisting of 50 women with ages ranging from 30 to 45 years old was considered for this study.

Two tools were used to conduct this study: a structured interview questionnaire consisting of the respondents’ demographic characteristics, knowledge, and practices regarding urogenital infection and a scale that aimed to assess their lifestyle.

Results:

The results revealed that 96% of the women have unsatisfactory knowledge about urogenital infection during the pre-intervention stage, 94% of them have satisfactory knowledge post-intervention, and 90% of them have satisfactory knowledge at follow-up, with a highly statistically significant difference at p-value < 0.01. The results also showed that 82% of the respondents have unsatisfactory practices at pre-intervention, 96% have satisfactory practices at post-intervention, and 98% of them have satisfactory practices at follow-up, with a highly statistically significant difference at p-value < 0.01.

Conclusion:

There was a significant improvement in women's knowledge and practices related to urogenital infection post-intervention and at follow-up with a p-value < 0.01. Likewise, a high positive correlation between total lifestyle, level of knowledge, and practices was noted during the pretest with a p-value < 0.01.

There is a need to provide different educational programs regarding knowledge and self-care practices for women with urogenital infection in different women's care settings.

Keywords: Educational program, Knowledge and practices, Urogenital infection, Women, Genitourinary tract, Vaginitis.