RESEARCH ARTICLE


Public's Knowledge of Hypertension and its Associated Factors: A Cross-Sectional Study



Maysa H. Almomani1, *, Laila Akhu-Zaheya1, Majd Alsayyed1, Aladeen Alloubani2
1 Department of Adult Health Nursing, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
2 King Hussein Cancer Center, Amman, Jordon


Article Metrics

CrossRef Citations:
0
Total Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 584
Abstract HTML Views: 219
PDF Downloads: 0
ePub Downloads: 0
Total Views/Downloads: 803
Unique Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 327
Abstract HTML Views: 157
PDF Downloads: 0
ePub Downloads: 0
Total Views/Downloads: 484



Creative Commons License
© 2022 Almomani et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Adult Health Nursing, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan; Tel: 011962 2778081889; E-mail: mhalmomnai@just.edu.jo


Abstract

Background:

Hypertension is a significant challenge for healthcare systems globally. It is estimated to cause 7.5 million deaths worldwide annually. Knowledge of hypertension plays a crucial role in behavioral changes required to prevent and manage the condition. This study aimed to assess the public's knowledge of hypertension’s risk factors, symptoms, complications, and treatment.

Methods:

This cross-sectional, descriptive, and exploratory study included a convenience sample of 723 Jordanian adults. The Hypertension Knowledge Test was used to measure the participants' knowledge of hypertension’s risk factors, symptoms, complications, and treatment.

Results:

The participants' mean score of total hypertension knowledge was 11.5 ±3.82 (52.2%), with 85.9% (n=621) having inadequate knowledge. Their mean scores for hypertension’s risk factors, symptoms, complications, and treatment were 7.45 ±2.35 (62.1%), 2.29 ±1.21 (45.8%), 1.38 ± 0.943 (46%), and 0.391 ± 0.603 (19.6%), respectively. Four factors were found to be significant predictors of participants' knowledge, such as age (p=0.002), education level (p<0.001), family history (p<0.001), and receiving hypertension-related information (p<0.001).

Conclusion:

The participants had inadequate knowledge regarding hypertension’s complications, risk factors, symptoms, and treatment. Public health education programs that focus on hypertension knowledge are required. Nurses and other healthcare providers should take the initiative in hypertension education. Strategic planning and designing of hypertension programs are required to fit the needs of the Jordanian public to enhance their knowledge of hypertension and related preventive and control measures.

Keywords: Complications, Hypertension, Knowledge, Public, Risk factors, Symptoms.