The Recovery Process of Postpartum Psychosis from Both the Woman’s and Next of Kin’s Perspective - An Interview Study in Sweden



I. Engqvist*, 1, 2, K. Nilsson3
1 School of Life Science, University of Skövde, Sweden
2 Skaraborg Hospitals, Falköping, Sweden
3 Institute of Health and Caring Sciences, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden


Article Metrics

CrossRef Citations:
0
Total Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 955
Abstract HTML Views: 459
PDF Downloads: 121
Total Views/Downloads: 1535
Unique Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 430
Abstract HTML Views: 284
PDF Downloads: 103
Total Views/Downloads: 817



© Engqvist and Nilsson; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the School of Life Sciences, University of Skövde, Box 408, SE-541 28 Skövde, Sweden; Fax: +46500448099; E-mails: inger.engqvist@his.se, inger.engqvist@gmail.com


Abstract

Objectives:

The most serious type of psychiatric disorder in connection with childbirth is postpartum psychosis. With this disorder occasionally follows emotional rejection of the infant which has serious long term effect on mother and child. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of the recovery process of postpartum psychosis from the women, from the partners of the women, and their next of kin.

Methods:

Interviews were conducted with seven women, who had previously suffered postpartum psychosis, and six of their next of kin. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed using content analysis.

Results:

Two categories emerged: the recovery process and the circumstances of the support provided. The women and their next of kin spoke about the turning point in the illness, their own personal as well as their social recovery, the importance of support not only from relatives and friends, but also from professionals, and the use of medication. However, the key to recovery was an internal decision by the women themselves.

Conclusion:

Conclusion is that the recovery from this severe mental disorder requires hard work and the key to their recovery was the decision made by the women. This disorder causes a mental darkness to descend, but at the start of the recovery a dim light shines in the dark tunnel. The nursing staff must be made aware that good sleep is important for the psychiatric treatment and that recovery may take a long time. The nurse needs to provide hope and encouragement, as well as help the woman to recognise the strength that exists within her. To reduce the risk of a recurrence of the disorder, the staff needs to offer follow up visits.

Keywords: : Content analysis, postpartum psychosis, recovery, relatives, women.