RESEARCH ARTICLE


The Effectiveness of eHealth Interventions-based Self-care on Health-related Quality of Life for Patients with Heart Failure



Reda Mohamed El-Sayed Ramadan1, 2, *, Atallah Alenezi1, Nehal Abd Elazim Youssef Abd ELmeguid3, Eman Sobhy Elsaid Hussein2, 4
1 Department of Nursing, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Shaqra University, Shaqra 15518, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Ain Shams University, Cairo 11566, Egypt
3 Department of Nursing, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Shaqra University, Al Quwaiiyah 15518, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Nursing, College of Applied Medical Sciences-Yanbu, Taibah University, Medina 42353, Saudi Arabia


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Creative Commons License
© 2024 The Author(s). Published by Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Ain Shams University, Cairo 11566, Egypt; E-mail: relsayed@su.edu.sa


Abstract

Background

Heart failure (HF) affects health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and is a public health concern. For people with heart failure, effective self-care practices are crucial.

Aim of the Work

to assess how EHealth interventions-based self-care affect heart failure patients' health-related quality of life.

Methods

Research design: To achieve the study's goal, a quasi-experimental approach was employed.

Setting

The Al-Quwayiyah General Hospital's outpatient clinic in Al-Quwayiyah City, Riyadh, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), was the source of heart failure.

Subjects

60 cases with Heart failure were recruited.

Tools

Tools of gathering data: Researchers created and employed four instruments: 1) Clinical data sheet and patient evaluation; 2) Knowledge assessment sheet; 3) Personality-Maintenance of Heart Failure Index (SCHFI); and 4) Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ).

Results

The patients under study ranged in age from 35 to 65, with 63.3% of them being female. After receiving eHealth Interventions-Based Self-Care, there were statistically significant changes in knowledge, self-care, and health-related quality of life between the pre-and post-tests (P<0.05*).

Conclusion

The study's patient population's degree of knowledge, self-care, and health-related quality of life had all considerably improved thanks to EHealth interventions-based self-care.

Recommendation

Through the implementation of patient-centered care programs, nurses play a proactive role in increasing the understanding of patients with HF regarding self-care and health-related quality of life.

Keywords: E-Health, Heart failure interventions, Quality of life, Self-care, Nurses, Patients.