Validity and Reliability Study in Turkish COVID-19 Literacy Scale
Nihan Türkoğlu1, Esin Kavuran2, *
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2023
E-location ID: e187443462308230
Publisher ID: e187443462308230
Article History:Received Date: 06/06/2023
Revision Received Date: 07/07/2023
Acceptance Date: 17/07/2023
Electronic publication date: 04/10/2023
Collection year: 2023
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
It is critical to conduct studies on the evaluation of COVID-19 health literacy in different cultures. Health literacy can make it easier to distinguish between reliable information about COVID-19 and misinformation, empowering individuals to make illuminated health decisions and to practice healthy and protective behaviours.
The aim of this study is to verify the validity and reliability of COVID-19 Health Literacy Scale (COVID-19-HLS) for Turkish.
This was a cross-sectional-descriptive study. The sample was randomly divided into two groups for factor analysis. A total of 712 individuals were included for exploratory (n=350) and confirmatory (n=362) factor analysis. The data were gathered by using the COVID-19-HLS and the Personal Variables Form. Language validity, content validity, item analyses, and exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed to determine the validity and reliability of COVID-19-HLS.
Internal consistency reliability of the scale was found as 0.94. Item-total score correlation values of the scale were between 0.21 and 0.70, and the intra-class correlation coefficient was determined as 0.933. It was found that the item factor loads varied between 0.735 and 0.456 and the four-factor structure of the scale was found to be acceptable.
In line with the analyses, it was shown that the scale is a valid and reliable instrument for Turkish society.