RESEARCH ARTICLE


The Development of an e-platform to Strengthen Nursing in Kazakhstan: A Systematic Review and a Delphi Study to Define Requirements



Bea Dijkman1, 2, *, Alberta Oosterhoff3, Amangali Akanov4, Wolter Paans1, 2
1 Professorship Nursing Diagnostics, School of Nursing, Hanze University of Applied Sciences Groningen, the Netherlands
2 Centre of Expertise Healthy Ageing, Hanze University of Applied Sciences Groningen, the Netherlands
3 School of Health Care Studies, Hanze University of Applied Sciences Groningen, the Netherlands
4 Department of Nursing, Astana Medical University, Kazakhstan


Article Metrics

CrossRef Citations:
0
Total Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 77
Abstract HTML Views: 32
PDF Downloads: 41
Total Views/Downloads: 150
Unique Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 61
Abstract HTML Views: 24
PDF Downloads: 37
Total Views/Downloads: 122



Creative Commons License
© 2021 Dijkman et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at Professorship Nursing Diagnostics, School of Nursing, Hanze University of Applied Sciences Groningen, the Netherlands; E-mail: b.l.dijkman@pl.hanze.nl


Abstract

Background:

To strengthen nursing in Kazakhstan, an e-platform has been developed to support knowledge sharing and collaboration in nursing education, nursing research, and clinical practice.

Objective:

This study aims to identify and prioritize requirements for an e-platform to strengthen nursing in the trinity of nursing education, nursing research, and clinical practice.

Methods:

The research was conducted using an exploratory sequential mixed-method design, including a systematic review and a Delphi study. The systematic review utilized search terms concerning nursing, e-platform, research, and education. The Delphi study included two rounds of questionnaires among a panel of Kazakh and European experts. Outcomes were analyzed using content validity ratios and level of consensus thresholds.

Results:

The systematic review generated eight studies and identified nine categories of requirements to be covered by four groups in the Delphi study. These four groups were content-related, functional, usability, and technical requirements. The study generated 52 essential and 15 useful requirements, which are common in the literature and in experts’ opinions.

Conclusion:

The list of requirements is well embedded in the literature as well as in the national context of nursing in Kazakhstan. Therefore, the e-platform developed according to these requirements will contribute to improving the trinity of nursing education, research, and practice. Although the list is context-specific, when validated by a panel of experts, it is universally applicable when developing e-platforms for nursing.

Keywords: Nursing, E-platform, Requirements analysis, Knowledge sharing, Collaboration, Nursing education, Nursing science, Nursing practice, Kazakhstan.