Identification of Risk Factors for Breast Cancer for Women in Istanbul

Sevim Çelik*, 1, Güler Aksoy2
1 Zonguldak Karaelmas University, Zonguldak School of Nursing, Surgical Nursing Department, Turkey
2 Istanbul University, Florence Nightingale College of Nursing, Surgical Nursing Department, Turkey

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2007 Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestrictive use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Zonguldak Sağlik Yüksekokulu, 67100, Site/ZONGULDAK, Turkey; Tel: (90) (372) 257-4191, Ext. 119; Fax: (90) (372) 257-6750; E-mail:



Breast cancer is the most common cancer type seen in women, accounts for 18% of all cancer types in women and the risk of a woman to get breast cancer during her life is 11%. These notified rates enable breast cancer to be defined as a preventable and if pre-diagnosed, a treatable cancer type, despite it was regarded as a terrifying type of cancer in the past.


The aim of the study was to determine the lifestyle pattern of women without breast cancer in Istanbul.


The study was carried out as a descriptive and cross-sectional study with 1000 women.


The majority of the women (29.7%) were in the 35-44 year old age group. Out of these 93.1% gave birth before the age of 30, 29.5% breastfed for 7-12 months, 65.8% started menarche between 13-15 years of age (mean of 13.3 years), 15.5% were in menopause and had entered menopause at a mean age of 46.5 years. Their mean body mass index was 24.3kg/m2 and 24.5% of them preferred foods containing high fat content. The majority of the women (85.4%) did not participate in sports regularly. One third (30.3%) of the women had underwent Breast Self Examination. There was a positive family history of breast cancer for 12.1% of the women.


Sedentary lifestyles, lower Breast Self Examination and routine mammography rates and family histories of breast cancer were the risk factors that needed to be given priority for further action.

Keywords: Breast cancer, behavioral risk factors, lifestyle changes.