Experiences of Spirituality and Spiritual Values in the Context of Nursing – An Integrative Review



Gudrun Rudolfsson*, 1, Ingela Berggren 1, António Barbosa da Silva 2
1 Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, University West, SE-461 86 Trollhättan, Sweden
2 Ansgar College and Theological Seminary, Kristiansand, Norway


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© Rudolfsson et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, University West, SE-461 86 Trollhättan, Sweden; Tel: + 46 (0) 520 22 39 79, 46 (0) 520 73245; E-mails: gudrun.rudolfsson@hv.se, gudrun.rudolfsson@comhem.se


Abstract

Spirituality is often mistakenly equated with religion but is in fact a far broader concept. The aim of this integrative review was to describe experiences of the positive impact of spirituality and spiritual values in the context of nursing. The analysis was guided by Whittemore and Knafl’s integrative review method. The findings revealed seven themes: ‘Being part of a greater wholeness’, ‘Togetherness − value based relationships’, ‘Developing inner strength’, ‘Ministering to patients’, ‘Maintaining one’s sense of humanity’, ‘Viewing life as a gift evokes a desire to ‘give back’’ and ‘Achieving closure − life goes on’. It is difficult to draw definite conclusions, as spirituality involves many perspectives on various levels of awareness. However, spirituality was considered more inclusive, fluid and personal. Furthermore, it emerged that spirituality and spiritual values in the context of nursing are closely intertwined with the concept of caring.

Keywords: Humanity, integrative review, inner strength, spirituality, togetherness, wholeness. .