Nurse-Driven Training Courses: Impact on Implementation of Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring



Estel Félez-Carrobé*, 1, 2, Maria Sagarra-Tió 1, Araceli Romero 1, Montserrat Rubio 1, Lourdes Planas 1, María José Pérez-Lucena 3, Montserrat Baiget 4, Cristina Cabistañ 1, Jordi Félez 1
1 ABS Canaletes, Institut Català de la Salut. Cerdanyola del Vallès and Barcelona
2 ABS Guinardó, Institut Català de la Salut. Cerdanyola del Vallès and Barcelona
3 ABS Serraparera, Institut Català de la Salut. Cerdanyola del Vallès and Barcelona
4 Genetics Department, Hospital Sant Pau i Santa Creu, Barcelona, Spain


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© Félez-Carrobé et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the ABS Canaletes and ABS Guinardó, InstitutCatalà de la Salut. Cerdanyola del Vallès and Barcelona, Spain; Tel: ++34 626 013 832; Fax: ++34 93586 36 96; E-mail: estelfelez@gmail.com


Abstract

Background:

Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) predicts cardiovascular risk and identifies white-coat and masked hypertension, efficacy of treatment and the circadian cycle of hypertensive patients.

Objective:

To analyze the effectiveness of ABPM implementation thoughtout a nurse-driven training program.

Materials and Methodology:

Twenty eight professionals were involved in the study carried out in the primary care center of the metropolitan area of Barcelona that serves 34,289 inhabitants. The ABPM implementation program was driven by two nurses that held four education sessions. After a 2-year follow-up period, we assessed the outcome of attendance at the educational sessions. First, we evaluated whether the program increased the number of orders of ABPM. Second, we used a survey to evaluate to what extent the input of our educational sessions was understood by attendants. Third, we analyzed the effect ABPM results had on the treatment of patients with a bad control of their hypertension.

Results:

After the training sessions we found a 6-fold increase in the number of patients undergoing ABPM. We analyzed 204 hypertensive individuals: 41% dippers, 34% were non-dippers, 20% were risers and 5% were extremely dippers. According to our survey, 100% of attendants had a good practice regarding ABPM management. However only 27% of riser patients were studied with a second ABPM.

Conclusions:

Specific training processes are needed for implementation of ABPM and an even more concentrated effort should be focused on training in the correct interpretation of ABPM results.

Keywords: Ambulatory, blood pressure, cardiovascular morbidity, educational program, essential hypertension, primary care..