Audiovisual Technology for HIV/AIDS Prevention in the Elderly: Production and Validation

Socorro Milena Rocha Vasconcelos1, *, Thais Milene Rocha1, Aline Rodrigues Feitoza1, Aika Barros Barbosa Maia1, Francisca Andressa Lima Pereira1, Marcela Maria de Melo Perdigão1, Greicy Machado Aguiar de Albuquerque1, Luize Caroline Sampaio de Oliveira1, Laurineide de Fátima Diniz Cavalcante1, Tânia Maria Vasconcelos de Morais1, Leilane Barbosa de Sousa1, Karla Maria Carneiro Rolim1
1 Departamento de Enfermagem, Universidade de Fortaleza, Vasconcelos, Brazil

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© 2023 Vasconcelos et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Departamento de Enfermagem, Universidade de Fortaleza, Vasconcelos, Brazil; E-mail:



The elderly population is vulnerable to HIV/AIDS, but there is a lack of educational materials for prevention specifically tailored to this age group.


This study aims to validate an educational audiovisual technology for HIV/AIDS prevention in the elderly.


The study consists of two stages. The first stage involves developing an Educational Video (EV) based on a validated script. The second stage focuses on validating the EV through expert judges in nursing and audiovisual communication/cinema. The video production closely followed the validated script, and recordings were done in three predetermined scenarios. After final editing, the video underwent evaluation by judges who assessed its content and technique using a Likert response scale and the Content Validity Index (CVI). A concordance index of 80% or higher was considered acceptable. Twelve judges participated in the evaluation.


The educational video, the first of its kind nationally and internationally, achieved a CVI ranging from 0.8 to 1.00. The concordance index mostly fell between 80% and 100%. Judges provided feedback, including suggestions and disagreements, which were incorporated to enhance the effectiveness of the EV.


The favorable CVI and positive reception from judges highlight the educational video's potential as a valuable tool for teaching HIV/AIDS prevention to the elderly. It can be utilized by various healthcare professionals in primary, secondary, and tertiary settings to enhance health education practices.

Keywords: Elderly, Aging, Educational technology, HIV/AIDS, Content validity Index (CVI), EV.