RESEARCH ARTICLE


The Moderation Effect of Affective Commitment on the Relationship between Job Stress and Presenteeism among Obstetric Healthcare Workers during COVID-19 Pandemic



Rania El-Kurdy1, Amina El-Nemer1, Ahmad Yousef2, Waheed Elsaidy3, Ayman Hamdan-Mansour4, *
1 Woman's Health and Midwifery Nursing, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
2 Public Health and Community Medicine, Damietta Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt
3 Community and Industrial Medicine, Damietta Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt
4 School of Nursing, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan


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Creative Commons License
© 2022 El-Kurdy et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the School of Nursing, The University of Jordan, Amman- Jordan; Email: a.mansour@ju.edu.jo


Abstract

Background:

Presenteeism is a significant factor that affects the quality of care provided by obstetric healthcare workers, including nurses, that needs further investigation of its connection to job stress and affective commitment during COVID-19 pandemic.

Aim:

The aim of this study is to examine the moderation effect of affective commitment on the relationship between job stress and presenteeism among obstetric healthcare workers during COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods:

Two hundred and seven Egyptian obstetric healthcare workers participated in a cross-sectional, descriptive study using a web-based questionnaire to collect data on sociodemographic, presenteeism, challenge stress, hindrance stress, and affective commitment.

Results:

More than 50% of obstetric healthcare workers had a moderate level of presenteeism, while job stress and affective commitment were at moderate to high levels. Affective commitment had a significant moderating effect on the relationship between job stress and presenteeism (p< .001). Challenges and affective commitment had a positive effect on presenteeism, while hindrances had a negative effect.

Conclusion:

Obstetric healthcare workers need to recognize the connection between job stress and presenteeism and the buffering role of affective commitment.

Implications for Nursing Practice:

Nurses need to recognize the effect of pandemic COVID-19 on job stress and presenteeism among obstetrics nurses and healthcare workers. Developing innovative protocols would enable them to improve their functionality and productivity at work.

Keywords: Affective commitment, COVID-19, Healthcare workers, Job stress, Presenteeism, Health problems.