RESEARCH ARTICLE


Socio-Demographics and Psychological Correlates of Anger Among Individuals Diagnosed with Alcohol Use Disorder In Jordan



Suhaib A. Al-Khawaldeh, RN, MSN, CNS-PMHN1, Ayman M. Hamdan-Mansour, MSN, RN, PhD2, *, Jumana Hussein Shehadeh, RN, CNS-PMHN2, Imad Numan Thultheen, RN, MSN, PhD3
1 Ministry of Health, Amman, Jordan
2 Mental Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Al Ahliyya Amman University, & School of Nursing, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
3 Adult nursing Al Farabi Colleges, Riyagh 11514 Kingdom of Saudia Arabia


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Creative Commons License
© 2020 Al-Khawaldeh et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Mental Health Nursing School of Nursing, The University of Jordan Queen Rania street, Amman 11942 Jordan Tel: ++9626 5355000 ext. 23108, 23183, Fax: ++96265300244,
E-mails: a.mansour@ju.edu.jo; aymanjabay@gmail.com


Abstract

Objective:

Psychological disturbances such as anger, impulsivity and resilience among individuals with alcohol use disorder are considered barriers to successful treatment and contribute to poor prognosis and early relapse. The purpose of this study is to investigate the socio-demographic and psychological factors associated with anger among individuals diagnosed with alcohol use disorder in Jordan.

Methods:

A descriptive correlational design was used to collect data using self-reported questionnaire from 54 hospitalized patients with alcohol use disorder admitted for treatment over 4 months period. Data collected in relation to anger, impulsivity, and resilience.

Results:

The results showed that 64% of the patients in this study had severe clinical anger, 70% had moderate to high impulsivity level, and about 48% had high level of resilience. The findings also showed a significant positive correlation between patients’ anger and impulsivity (r = .36, p <0.05), while a significant negative correlation was observed between patients’ anger and resilience (r = - 0.60, p < .001).

Conclusion:

The link between anger, impulsivity and resilience is alarming mental health professionals toward the need for an integrated model of care during and after interventions to prevent relapse and sustain sobriety.

Keywords: Anger, Alcohol use disorder, Impulsivity, Resilience, Clinical anger, Psychotropic substances, Sobriety.