Development of Filipino Nurse Educator’s Wellbeing Survey (FNEWS): An Exploratory Sequential Mixed Methods Study

Jordan T. Salvador1, *, Friyal M. Alqahtani1, Rima S. Sareh Al-Garni2
1 Department of Nursing Education, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Fundamentals of Nursing, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia

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Creative Commons License
© 2019 Salvador et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: ( This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at Department of Nursing Education, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, P. O. Box 1982, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; Tel: +966533966829;



The role of a nurse educator is a vital component in the management process of teaching and learning development of students. Ensuring excellent wellbeing for nurse educators may lead to increased job satisfaction and work performance.


The objective of this study was to develop a survey tool that measures the wellbeing of Filipino nurse educators working in four Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries.


Three-phase sequential approach was obtained. The investigation started with a qualitative investigation of 20 Filipino nurse educators based from Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Oman, and Bahrain followed by a development of survey tool measuring the Filipino nurse educator’s wellbeing. The survey tool was distributed among 112 participants in Saudi Arabia. Data were analyzed and interpreted by means of a Colaizzi method for qualitative and descriptive statistics using SPSS for quantitative measures.


All the themes emerged from the qualitative phase were discussed from the gathered review of literature and studies. Themes, contextual categories, and significant statements were used as survey constructs measuring the wellbeing of the participants. Moreover, a valid and reliable survey tool called ‘Filipino Nurse Educator’s Wellbeing Survey’ (FNEWS) was developed and surveyed among the Filipino nurse educators in Saudi Arabia, revealing an ‘acceptable’ level of wellbeing.


Knowing the level of wellbeing of nurse educators will be an effective way to provide the competency needed to address burnout, low job satisfaction, and compassion fatigue, thereby increasing the likelihood of safeguarding the welfare of the nurse educators.

Keywords: Middle East , Nurses, Nursing education, Philippines, Qualitative research, Quantitative research, Saudi Arabia .