A Fieldwork Study Outlining Time in Endoscopy Facilities for Short-Term Stay

Karin Bundgaard1, *, Erik E. Sørensen2, Charlotte Delmar3
1 Acute Centre, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark
2 Aalborg Hospital Science and Innovation Center (AHSIC), Aalborg University Hospital, Denmark
3 Department of Nursing Science, School of Public Health & Institute of Clinical Medicine Health, Aarhus, Denmark

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© Bundgaard et al ; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

Correspondence: *Address correspondence to this author at the Acute Centre, Aarhus University Hospital, Nørrebrogade 44, Building 12A, DK - 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark; Tel: +45 20277136; Email:



This paper focus on nursing and time in endoscopy facilities for short-term stay aiming to explore aspects of time in this setting and how expectations from the healthcare organisation, patients and nurses are expressed and met when managing nursing time.


Former research primarily focuses on the subject of time in the understanding of duration where having more time is closely associated with the ability to deliver better quality nursing care. The main concern is the nurses’ increased number of tasks and the decreased length of time at their disposal. However, few studies describe nursing when time is sparse, and the possibility of providing individualised nursing within a very short span of time.


Inspired by practical ethnographic principles, a fieldwork study was performed in high technology endoscopy clinics during 2008-2010.


Data triangulation included participant observation, participant reports and patients and nurses semi-structured interviews.


The issue of time was an interwoven part of life in the productive endoscopy units. The understanding of time related to the main category: ‘Time - making the best of it’, and the sub categories “Responsibility of time”, “Information and preparation”, and “Time wasters”.


The study underlines the possibility of combining the health care systems, patients and the nurses’ perspectives on and expectations of how to spend nursing time in endoscopy settings. In successful patient pathways nursing maximize patient outcome, support the goals of the healthcare organisations, is reliable, assure, tangible, empathic and responsive, and is individually tailored to the patient’s needs. The study contributes by underlining the importance of discussing not how to get more time in clinical practice but instead how to spend the time in the best way possible.

Keywords: Aspect of time, facilities for short-term staybarriers, fieldwork, information and preparation, nursing, participant observations, responsibility of time, semi structured interview, time limitation.