RESEARCH ARTICLE


The Effect of Institutional Support on the Cultural Intelligence of Nursing Students



Kanjanee Phanphairoj1, *
iD

1 Center for Nursing Research and Innovation, Faculty of Nursing, Thammasat University, Pathum Thani, Thailand


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Creative Commons License
© 2021 Kanjanee Phanphairoj

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Center for Nursing Research and Innovation, Faculty of Nursing, Thammasat University, Pathum Thani, Thailand; E-mail: k.phanphairoj@gmail.com


Abstract

Background:

Cultural intelligence is important for studying, working, and living in multicultural societies. Previous studies have indicated that training and learning support are important for improving students’ cultural intelligence. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of institutional support on cultural intelligence.

Methods:

933 nursing students in three countries, among Malaysia, the Philippines, and Thailand, answered a rating scale questionnaire. A structural equation model was used to examine the effect of institutional support on cultural intelligence.

Results:

Institutional support had a statistically significant effect on cultural intelligence, with an effect size of 0.57.

Conclusion:

For promoting cultural intelligence divided into three aspects, the first concerns the implementation of multicultural experiences in curricula; the second involves extra-curricular activities for being applied in multicultural situations; and the last regards encouraging teachers to realize the importance of culture and integrating cultural content in their teaching and in the students’ learning.

Keywords: Cultural intelligence, Nursing students, Institutional support, Multicultural experiences, Nursing education, Cultural skill.