RESEARCH ARTICLE

Urinary Tract Infection Among Women Aged (18-40) Years Old in Kirkuk City, Iraq

Salwa H Almukhtar, * Open Modal Authors Info & Affiliations
The Open Nursing Journal 31 December 2018 RESEARCH ARTICLE DOI: 10.2174/1874434601812010248

Abstract

Aim of the Study:

The aim of this study is to identify the prevalence of urinary tract infection among women in reproductive age who attended a Primary HealthCare Centers at Kirkuk City from February 2017 to September 2017.

Materials and Methods:

This is a cross-sectional descriptive study which was carried out in the outpatient clinics for Obstetrics and Gynecology and Urology at Kirkuk General Hospital over the period of 6 months from 1st of February-1st of September,2017. The sample of the study included 450 women who were randomly selected from the following three groups: pregnant women n=150, married women n=150, and unmarried women n=150. Each woman was interviewed using a Questionnaire containing personal information such as age, occupation, Gravidity, months of pregnancy and educational level. Data were calculated and presented as numbers and percentages

Results:

The study found that 58.4% of participants belonged to 21-30-year age group followed by 26% who belonged to 31-40-year age group. 48.4% of the study participants were illiterate, 27.3% had Secondary school graduates and 24.3% had Diploma or Bachelor degree. The majority of the women 70.2% were housewives. The total prevalence rate of UTI was 27.3%. The higher percentage of UTIs 43% was found among pregnant women. The majority of women with UTIs were housewives 65.9% from rural areas 72.4%, and illiterate 62.6%.

Conclusion:

The study concluded that the prevalence of UTIs in pregnant women was higher than that of non-pregnant and unmarried women and that Staphylococcus. Saprophyticus is the most common causative agent of disease.

Keywords: UTI, Gastrointestinal bacteria, Pregnant women, Married women, Cystitis, Asymptomatic bacteria.
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