Evaluating Pictures of Nature and Soft Music on Anxiety and Well- Being During Elective Surgery
Elinor Nielsen1, Ingrid Wåhlin2, Gunilla Hollman Frisman3, *
Patients going through surgery on awakening often have a sense of anxiety and need support to relax.
The aim of this study was to investigate whether looking at pictures of natural scenery could reduce anxiety and pain and increase relaxation and well-being on awakening during the elective surgery.
This three-arm, randomized intervention study consisted of one group viewing pictures of natural scenery, one group listening to soft instrumental music, and one control group without distraction, all adult patients (n=174). The State Trait Anxiety Inventory short form and a visual analogue scale on well-being were used as well as sedation treatment if necessary.
No differences related to anxiety after surgery were found among the three groups. When controlling for the effect of sedative treatment, however, patients without sedation had a lower degree of anxiety postoperatively (p=0.014). Younger patients had a higher degree of anxiety and lower degree of postoperative relaxation and well-being.
Viewing pictures of natural scenery while being awake during elective surgery is as relaxing as listening to soft instrumental music. Offering nature scenery pictures for patients to view could be relaxing during the elective surgery.
* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Anesthetics, Operations and, Speciality Surgery Center and Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Nursing Sciences. Linköping University, Gunilla Hollman Frisman, 581 85 Linköping; Sweden; Tel: +46 72 216 70 60; E-mail: Gunilla.Hollman.Frisman@regionostergotland.se