The Effect of Educational Intervention Regarding the Knowledge of Mothers on Prevention of Accidents in Childhood



Elayne Cristina Soares Silva, Maria Neyrian de Fátima Fernandes, Márcia Caroline Nascimento Sá, Layane Mota de Souza, Ariadne Siqueira de Araújo Gordon, Ana Cristina Pereira de Jesus Costa, Thábyta Silva de Araújo*, Queliane Gomes da Silva Carvalho, Carlos Colares Maia, Ana Larissa Gomes Machado, Fabiane do Amaral Gubert, Leonardo Alexandrino da Silva, Neiva Francenely Cunha Vieira
Federal University of Ceará, Alexandre Baraúna Street 1115, Rodolfo Teófilo, Fortaleza, Brazil


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© Silva et al ; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode), which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Federal University of Ceará, Alexandre Baraúna Street 1115, Rodolfo Teófilo Zip Code 60430-160, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil; Tel: +55 (85) 98872-5365; E-mail: thabyta.araujo@hotmail.com


Abstract

Early guidance emphasizes the provision of information to families about growth and normal development in childhood such as specific information about security at home. This research aimed to analyze mothers' knowledge about the prevention of accidents in childhood before and after an educational intervention. It was conducted as a quasi-experimental study with 155 mothers in a Basic Health Unit in northeastern of Brazil in April and May of 2015. The data were collected in two stages through a self-report questionnaire performed before and after the educational intervention by the subjects. The results revealed a significant increase in knowledge about prevention of accidents in childhood in all the self-applied questions (p<0.05). After the educational intervention, there seemed to be a significant difference with the questions regarding the knowledge on preventing fall (p=0.000), drowning (p=0.000), and intoxication (p=0.007). The authors concluded that the educational intervention performed in this study increased the subjects’ knowledge on prevention of accidents in childhood.

Keywords: Accidents, Child, Health Education, Intervention Studies, Knowledge, Nursing.